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  1. #1
    Atomic Punk Bob_R's Avatar
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    Default Tape aired of fatal 1970 US rally

    An audio recording has been played of an infamous 1970 Vietnam War protest at a US university in which the National Guard killed four students.

    It was aired by Alan Canfora, one of several other students injured at the Kent State University rally, who said there should be a new investigation.

    On the tape an officer appears to issue the command: "Get set! Point! Fire!"

    For many activists the killings symbolised an end to the 1960s hippie era and the violation of civil rights.

    Mr Canfora, 58, told the Associated Press he had been researching the shootings and came across the recording six months ago.

    We're hoping for new investigations and new truths - we need truth, we need healing

    He said it had been given to Yale University by a lawyer who had represented students in their legal actions over the incident.

    The tape was said to have been recorded by student Terry Strubbe via a microphone placed on the windowsill of his dormitory.

    Mr Canfora played the original recording, plus an amplified one, copied on to CD, at Kent State campus on Tuesday.

    Reporters said it was fuzzy but seemed to carry the command "Right here! Get set! Point! Fire!". They said the word "point" and gun shots were clear but it was not known who gave the order.

    It is known that guardsmen fired 67 bullets from M-1 rifles into the crowd over a period of 13 seconds.

    Four people died, including two who were not protesters but were walking from one class to another. Nine people were hurt.

    Mr Canfora said: "We're hoping for new investigations and new truths. We need truth, we need healing."

    He was confident voice analysis would determine who gave the order to fire.

    Whether there was an order to fire has always been contentious. The FBI at the time said it could come to no conclusion.

    On Tuesday, a guardsman at the shootings, Larry Shafer, told AP: "I never heard any command to fire... That's not to say there may not have been, but with all the racket and noise, I don't know how anyone could have heard anything that day."

    After the killings, activists criticised the thoroughness of the investigation.

    Eight guardsmen were finally brought to trial on federal civil rights charges but each was acquitted.

    The Kent State demonstration was one of many in protest at US attacks into Cambodia, which opponents of the war saw as an escalation but which President Richard Nixon defended.

    There had been a clash between students throwing stones and guardsmen firing tear gas but why the shooting began is unknown.

    Some have conjectured one shot was fired and other guardsmen followed suit in a chain reaction.





  2. #2
    Atomic Punk
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    WHAT EVENTS LED DIRECTLY TO THE SHOOTINGS?
    Shortly before noon, General Canterbury made the decision to order the demonstrators to disperse. A Kent State police officer standing by the Guard made an announcement using a bullhorn. When this had no effect, the officer was placed in a jeep along with several Guardsmen and driven across the Commons to tell the protestors that the rally was banned and that they must disperse. This was met with angry shouting and rocks, and the jeep retreated. Canterbury then ordered his men to load and lock their weapons, tear gas canisters were fired into the crowd around the Victory Bell, and the Guard began to march across the Commons to disperse the rally. The protestors moved up a steep hill, known as Blanket Hill, and then down the other side of the hill onto the Prentice Hall parking lot as well as an adjoining practice football field. Most of the Guardsmen followed the students directly and soon found themselves somewhat trapped on the practice football field because it was surrounded by a fence. Yelling and rock throwing reached a peak as the Guard remained on the field for about ten minutes. Several Guardsmen could be seen huddling together, and some Guardsmen knelt and pointed their guns, but no weapons were shot at this time. The Guard then began retracing their steps from the practice football field back up Blanket Hill. As they arrived at the top of the hill, twenty-eight of the more than seventy Guardsmen turned suddenly and fired their rifles and pistols. Many guardsmen fired into the air or the ground. However, a small portion fired directly into the crowd. Altogether between 61 and 67 shots were fired in a 13 second period.
    /
    Four Kent State students died as a result of the firing by the Guard. The closest student was Jeffrey Miller, who was shot in the mouth while standing in an access road leading into the Prentice Hall parking lot, a distance of approximately 270 feet from the Guard. Allison Krause was in the Prentice Hall parking lot; she was 330 feet from the Guardsmen and was shot in the left side of her body. William Schroeder was 390 feet from the Guard in the Prentice Hall parking lot when he was shot in the left side of his back. Sandra Scheuer was also about 390 feet from the Guard in the Prentice Hall parking lot when a bullet pierced the left front side of her neck.

    Nine Kent State students were wounded in the 13 second fusillade. Most of the students were in the Prentice Hall parking lot, but a few were on the Blanket Hill area. Joseph Lewis was the student closest to the Guard at a distance of about sixty feet; he was standing still with his middle finger extended when bullets struck him in the right abdomen and left lower leg. Thomas Grace was also approximately 60 feet from the Guardsmen and was wounded in the left ankle. John Cleary was over 100 feet from the Guardsmen when he was hit in the upper left chest. Alan Canfora was 225 feet from the Guard and was struck in the right wrist. Dean Kahler was the most seriously wounded of the nine students. He was struck in the small of his back from approximately 300 feet and was permanently paralyzed from the waist down. Douglas Wrentmore was wounded in the right knee from a distance of 330 feet. James Russell was struck in the right thigh and right forehead at a distance of 375 feet. Robert Stamps was almost 500 feet from the line of fire when he was wounded in the right buttock. Donald Mackenzie was the student the farthest from the Guardsmen at a distance of almost 750 feet when he was hit in the neck.

    from:
    THE MAY 4 SHOOTINGS AT KENT STATE UNIVERSITY: THE SEARCH
    FOR HISTORICAL ACCURACY
    BY JERRY M. LEWIS and THOMAS R. HENSLEY

    http://dept.kent.edu/sociology/lewis/LEWIHEN.htm
    "Watch what people are cynical about, and one can often discover what they lack.Ē -- Gen. George S. Patton

  3. #3
    Atomic Punk
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    It is known that guardsmen fired 67 bullets from M-1 rifles into the crowd over a period of 13 seconds.

    Four people died, including two who were not protesters but were walking from one class to another. Nine people were hurt.
    Man, the National Guard could have done more damage with one mentally ill Korean Engineering student.

    Someone had to go there.
    "Nothing is ever what it seems but everything is exactly what it is." - B. Banzai


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  4. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by Axxman300 View Post
    Man, the National Guard could have done more damage with one mentally ill Korean Engineering student.

    Someone had to go there.


    [no comment]

 

 

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